 
Plate
Configurations

Cell Stacks 
Current Density 
MMW 
Neutral Plates 
Number of Plates 
Voltage & Amperage

There is a
lot of confusion about the internal relationship of cell plate sizes and
how they are configured. I am going to attempt to clear some of that up.
Plate Size determines the maximum amperage that should be put across it;
that is, the Active Area that the water touches. That would be the area
inside the gasket of a plate. That is where current will be restricted
to crossing the water. It is at that point that heat will collect first.
So when I talk about Current Density, I am speaking of the area between
the gasket on the plate. Maximum Amperage
Efficiency is based on 0.54 amps per square inch of active surface area,
on one side of a plate, in the area that the current crosses (Unipolar or Bipolar). Hydrogen will be made on
one plate and Oxygen on the opposite. If you exceed the efficiency
limit, you make more HHO gas, but you also make a lot more heat because
the electrons do not have enough room to disperse; so they pile up in
that area inside the gasket. When
the electrons pile up, they create heat. The additional heat shortens
the Run Time of the Cell; the water gets hot much sooner. It also
shortens the life span of the metal plates. Who's fault is it? If a
company tells you the cell will produce 2 LPM at 20 amps, and the cell
is 3.5 x 3.5, with a 3 inch Inside Diameter surface area, it is most
likely the HHO Companies fault for misleading their products efficiency.
If you have 3" x 3" plates, separated by 2.5" ID gaskets,
square/rectangle, the active plate surface is the area inside the gasket
(2.5 x 2.5). If the gaskets are round, it is the inside diameter of the
gasket that needs to be measured. The overall size of the plate has
nothing to do with making the gas, only the area the water touches makes
gas, so that is the only part that should be used in calculating the
Maximum Efficient Current Density (amperage). Size of the plates limits
the amount of HHO gas you can make efficiently. Number of plates and
Amperage make the gas.
And another thing, Titanium does not make more gas than 316L
Stainless Steel, using equal amperage, plate size, and configurations.
more later 


This Table shows the Maximum Efficient Operating Amperage
Based on Active Plate Size or Diameter

Gasket Shape 
Active Plate " Size 
Maximum Amps Density 



Rectangular 
2.5 x 2.5 
3.38 
Circle 
2.5 Diameter 
2.65 



Rectangle 
3.5 x 3.5 
6.62 
Circle 
3.5 Diameter 
5.19 



Rectangle 
4 x 4 
8.64 
Circle 
4 Diameter 
6.78 



Rectangle 
5 x 5 
13.5 
Circle 
5 Diameter 
10.6 



Rectangle 
6 x 6 
19.44 
Circle 
6 Diameter 
15.26 



Rectangle 
7 x 7 
26.46 
Circle 
7 Diameter 
20.77 




The Number
of Plates determines how much HHO gas gets made, with a particular
amount of amperage. It takes 96 amps to make 1 LPM using 2 Plates. Only
10.44 ML is made per amp; regardless of the size of the plates. If you
build a Unipolar Cell, +  + , you make 20.88 ML of gas using 2 amps; 1
amp for each set of plates. But if you build a Bipolar cell, a Series
cell, using + n  , you make 20.88 ML of gas using just 1 amp. The same
amperage flow is passing through all 3 plates.
In the table below, I list the amount of HHO that is made with the
supplied amperage vs. the number of series plates. 


This Table shows the LPM that a certain Amperage
can make with a particular number of Series Plates,
Regardless of the size of the Plates

Operating Amps 
Number of Plates 
LPM 



1 
2 
10.44 ML 
1 
3 
20.88 ML 
1 
4 
31.32 ML 
1 
5 
41.76 ML 
1 
6 
52.20 ML 
1 
7 
62.64 ML 
2 
2 
20.88 ML 
2 
3 
41.76 ML 
2 
4 
62.64 ML 
2 
5 
83.52 ML 
2 
6 
104.4 ML 
2 
7 
125.28 ML 
3 
2 
31.32 ML 
3 
3 
62.64 ML 
3 
4 
93.96 ML 
3 
5 
125.28 ML 
3 
6 
156.6 ML 
3 
7 
187.92 ML 
5 
2 
52.2 ML 
5 
3 
104.4 ML 
5 
4 
156.6 ML 
5 
5 
208.8 ML 
5 
6 
261 ML 
5 
7 
313.2 ML 
10 
2 
104.4 ML 
10 
3 
208.8 ML 
10 
4 
313.2 ML 
10 
5 
417.6 ML 
10 
6 
522 ML 
10 
7 
626.4 ML 
15 
2 
156.6 ML 
15 
3 
313.2 ML 
15 
4 
469.8 ML 
15 
5 
626.4 ML 
15 
6 
782.23 ML 
15 
7 
939.6 ML 



Amps 
Plates 
LPM 
96 
2 
1 LPM 
48 
3 
1 LPM 
32 
4 
1 LPM 
24 
5 
1 LPM 
19.2 
6 
1 LPM 
16 
7 
1.LPM 
Number of Plates : References
the difference in efficiency comparing cells with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 plates in
Series. A chart shows the required amperage needed to produce 1 LPM of HHO 
for each cell plate configuration. It also shows the plate voltage, and Current
Density needed for Continuous operation.
